Distinctive insignia of the 189th Field Artillery Regiment, Second Worldwar

Captain Harold F. Kleindienst
189th Field Artillery Battalion

Distinctive insignia of the 189th Field Artillery Regiment, Second Worldwar

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By Linda Kleindienst
Tallahassee Bureau Chief
Copyright 2004 Sun-Sentinel

edited by Eric Rieth



I keep a photo of a uniformed young man next to my home computer. Somehow, in the midst of a war, a camera has captured him in the bright sun, helmet tucked under his left arm, a big grin on his face.

The year is 1943. The place is Benevento, Italy. And the young man is a 26-year-old Army lieutenant a long way from his Brooklyn, N.Y., home.

Meet my father, Harold F. Kleindienst.

Dad was born in Brooklyn, NY, on May 29, 1916 (same birthdate as John F Kennedy, only a year later than JFK, I believe). He was an only child, a second generation American. He went to Brooklyn Technical High School and won an appointment to West Point but apparently couldn't get in because of problems with his eyesight and teeth. So, he enrolled in the City College of New York, where he took night courses while working at Standard Brands, where his father worked.

Sensing world trouble brewing in 1941, Dad enlisted and began a love affair with the Army that lasted until he earned the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Army Reserves. But he started out as a bright-eyed "selectee."

Dad, who ended the war as a major, was a hair shy of 6 feet 4 inches tall; a big, strapping man with a hearty laugh, a great sense of humor and a strong work ethic, who built a career in sales and public relations. On May 9, 1941, a day after passing his physical at the Jamaica Armory on Long Island, he wrote in his journal from nearby Camp Upton: "Finally received our uniforms. Lordy, what a thrill. It was just the greatest feeling looking down at the U.S.A. buttons on my jacket, just imagine, a part of that vast army of young men gathered to prepare for the proper defense of this, our country."

He trained at Florida's Camp Blanding, to the Hq Btry, 2nd Bn, 35th Field Artillery and recieved a promotion to sergeant. He went to the Field Artillery School at Fort Sill, OK.on Jan. 16, 1942. He went to the Field Artillery OCS at Fort Sill, becoming a 2nd lt. on April 15, 1942. His military papers show him being assigned to the 189th FA (Fort Devens, MA) on April 20, 1942 as a 'Line Officer'. He was promoted to 1st Lt. on Oct. 7, 1942. A math whiz, a talent that later would help him calculate shell trajectories, he ended up in being sent to AAFAFS Brooks Field (Texas?)for Observer Training in 1943. In June, 1943 He left Newport News, VA with the rest of the 45th Infantry Division, by ship.

He never spoke much about the war, except to pass along some funny stories about drinking Italian wine with old friends from Brooklyn or unexpectedly meeting a cousin in France and together draining a bottle of Benedictine Brandy. Or about when his driver took a wrong turn in Italy and he unwittingly became a small town's liberator as the Germans were still exiting the other side. And he laughed about having to give up his job as an aerial forward observer for the artillery because, since he was so big, he had to fly without a parachute and hunch over the pilot on takeoff -- and that made the pilots nervous.

But despite the laughs, at night I sometimes heard the muffled screams and the thump as he hit the deck in his dreams, ending face down on the bedroom floor.

He survived four beach landings -- Sicily, Salerno, Anzio, Southern France -- shrapnel, a dive over a cliff in a jeep, malaria and the artillery he called in on his own position to hit attacking German tanks.

From foxholes, forward outposts, make-shift headquarters and Army hospitals Dad wrote letters to his family, his co-workers and his church that tell some of his story and will let future generations know more about one man who gave some of his best years to help save the world.

I keep the letters in a drawer at home, periodically taking them out to read, to show family and friends or just to hold. I used them as a guide to retrace his steps when my family went to Italy two years ago. I plan to use them over the next two weeks in France and Germany.

Click Image to see whole letter

July 9, 1943, waiting to board landing craft off Sicily:

"The flash of heavy naval guns goes on all around us screeching their message of destruction. The drone of planes overhead, circling the ship-congested waters. Boche bombers unleashing their lethal load. Funny, but I'm too fascinated by all that's going on to even be frightened. It's my ignorance that keeps me interested and not completely scared to death."

Click Image to see whole letter

October 24, 1943, Italy:

Have long since been firmly convinced that our enemies are the dirtiest and most ruthless of fighters. Wartime scruples as prohibition, have long been forgotten and like prohibition, one was hardly aware of their existence. Mines, booby traps and the rest of the foul-smelling stuff evolved by the scheming demented minds of our Nazi friends can't possibly halt that march of Johnny Doughboy with Tommy and Joe in arm on that not-to-distant road to the gates of Berlin

Click Image to see whole letter

December 14, 1943, "Somewhere in Italy": Jerry might lob over one or two of his evening salutes - a shell or two - but, upon evacuation of my fox hole, I'll be back with some rambling. It sometimes proves awfully annoying - overdoing his salutations, but then, who are we to complain when we return with gestures of our own, 6 or 7 to 1!

Click Image to see whole letter

Dec. 29, 1943, "Somewhere in Italy": "Christmas has come and gone. I was up forward on a cold, wet hilltop directing artillery fire. It was a wet, muddy night -- remember it well 'cause I was soaked through but I managed for a little warmth thinking about a big Christmas dinner."

Click Image to see whole letter
Feb. 24, 1944, Anzio Beachhead: "Am sitting on a box in rather a snug dugout -- knee deep in flea infested hay. Dugouts are all well built -- dug in deep with sturdy coverings. These are prime requisites for the well-being of the occupants."

Click Image to see whole letter

Italy, April 17, 1944,: There are few civilians left hereabouts - thoseremaining tend the scattered flocks of sheep which roam about quite oblivious to the missles which continually whittle away at their numbers. Too, a few women remain - acting the part of G.I. laundresses. As the domestic animals, these people appear totally unconcerned with the dangers which constantly threaten. The women sing as they scrub - and that they do aplenty, mountainous stacks of G.I. fatigues and woolens awaiting their attention - even mastering the currently popular "Pistol Packin' Mama". G.I. tutelage!

Sixty years ago, on Memorial Day 1944, General Mark Clark stood by the freshly dug graves of thousands of American GIs who died during the months-long hell at Anzio and vowed that, "With God's help, we shall carry on the task which they began."


poem about the Fifth Army - don't know where it came from, but Dad had it in with his letters.


The Race is on so choose your steed
The betting's gettin "buona",
Some say the Russians soon will lead
Their Armies into Roma.
But there are those who thru their pride
Are betting in the dark
And choose to string along beside
their own General Clark.
The Russians send a squad or two
To liberate a Town
They sack up ten divisions too
And shoot their planes all down.
While Brother Clark throws all he owns
at Tottering Cassino;
Divisions fight from home to home,
And Congress thinks it's "Keeno"
Of course his troops are shot to hell;
The Germans won't back-pedal,
But all the big shots stand and yell,
"Give Clark another Medal!"
He gets there fastus with the least
Of any General in history
Just when this folly's going to cease
Remains a deep dark myst'ry.
The fighting Fifth embarked one night
To scare the Germans silly,
It landed unopposed by fight,
It really was a dilly.
In only hours, Port Anzio was ours;
Rome near at hand.
But five weeks later, what you know?
The Fifth's still on the sand.
While we are crawling yard by yard
The Russians drive this winter
Will be in Rome - if we work hard
We'll see the Russians enter.


Only a few days later, on June 4, after months of slogging up the Italian Peninsula, the U.S. Fifth Army triumphantly marched into Rome, the first Axis capital to fall to the Allies.But within two days, praise for their efforts and jubilation at the feat were muted. June 6 was D-day, and the biggest armada the world had ever seen was landing an invading force at Normandy.

Click Image to see whole letter

No Beachhead) June 15, 1944: Incidentally, Rome itself seems to have been overlooked by the destructive hand of war. It's a mighty good sight too, to find at least one city that remains unscarred. So very many have been ground down to crumbled masonry dust...matter of fact, Rome is the first city or town I've seen which still appears intact. Our bombers and fighters have done a magnificent job but, in my book, the real heroes -- with glory still very much unsung -- are the doughboys...

Dad and the 45th slogged on -- going into Southern France and then into the underbelly of Germany. Yet not even two years of steady combat prepared the men of the 45th for what they encountered just weeks before the collapse of Hitler's Germany.

Click Image to see whole letter
August 20, 1944, Southern France: The country and the people make the change from the Italian front quite the refreshing one. Conditions here are so much better than they were on the boot. The people are much cleaner, better dressed, live well -- even though in most cases modestly, the homes and lands are neater and better cared for...

Click Image to see whole letter
September 13, 1944, France: Even in their hasty retreat, the enemy finds time to inflict cruel blows - murder, rape, arson, mayhem, theft - parting stings never to be forgotten by these hardy allies of ours. Well, the day of reckoning isn't far off though I refuse to share the over optimistic attitude now prevalent in the States.

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September 30, 1944, France: Just a few lines of greeting from France. Not much in the way of news this time as I've been in the hospital for 2 weeks with Malaria. Finally caught up with me here in cold France after spending 2 summers in the Continent's worst malaria country. How do you like that?

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Army Convalescent Hospital: But forget the war? Hell no!. Just listen to that Joe over there boasting about the number of Krauts his platoon knocked off the night of the big German attack at Anzio...

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November 7, 1944, France: There's not much in the way of news - we're still giving the Krauts as much hell as we can ram into the tubes of our fast spitting guns and we continue the relentless drive which started for this division way back in Sicily. The thunderous roar of our artillery is a welcome sound to all but the Krauts - our doughboys love the whistle of outgoing steel.

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January 7, 1945, France: Things are going well with us but to convince these hard headed Krauts of the futility of their suicidal efforts is going to require a most complete drubbing of every single one of their organizations. They're fanatically stubborn, damn them.

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March 20, 1945, Germany: From the border on in, in all that remains of most towns is a residue of crumbled masonry and dust - what a mess! But it's so different, destroying property which is genuinely Kraut. There's no feeling involved anymore concerning civilians - they're all enemy, soldier and civilian alike. We had a few who didn't quite see it that way until a few of the "civvies" acted up - our boys were sold!

Click Image to see whole letter
April 4, 1945, Germany: Amazing to them too, is the fact that we ignore them and that, according to the very best German propaganda is not how the Americans, the "bloodthirsty Americans", do things. We're supposed to kill women and little children, burn and destroy their homes, rape and loot. One hears tales of whole villiages fleeing into the woods to escape the bloodthirsty Americans, but I've yet to enter the town where dully-staring crowds are not in evidence.

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May 22, 1945, Dachau: "I saw veterans of combat retch and cry roll on the ground, sick with nausea at the sights in Dachau. "We found rooms full of bodies, stacked like cordwood, awaiting destruction in the two blazing furnaces in the crematory. They were still burning furiously when we arrived. "The stench from the human fuel was unbearable a stench that will reek through the ages. There was no flesh on either the living or the dead all were skin and bones, the skin so taut it shone." Dad wrote of those still living, scrambling for American cigarettes, smothering their liberators with kisses and mobbing the German guards who remained. He later toured the camp with an English-speaking Austrian as his guide. He took pictures "as future reference for people who might, as I, hesitate believing all the atrocity stories told."

Those pictures are collected in an album my father showed me when I was 13 and that I showed to my daughter when she turned 13.

"This horror cannot be allowed to repeat itself," he wrote those many years ago. His words and photos insure his own family will always remember.

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July 4, 1945, Innsbruck, Austria: Sure hated to leave our beloved "Thunderbird", but - home is most important right now.

After the war, Dad returned to Brooklyn and took a job with Standard Brands, eventually becoming a regional sales and advertising manager. He married my mom in 1946 and then I was born in 1948. We moved to the suburbs of Long Island, like thousands of other GI families, in 1952 - getting a house in the Cold Spring Hills area of Huntington, where most of our neighbors were also WWII vets.

Dad turned to public relations full-time in the mid-60s and then the folks "semi-retired" to Deltona, Florida, in 1971. He passed away in 1981, at the age of 65. I know he kept in touch with some of the guys he served with, particularly a man named Tommy Mutz, who I believe was a sergeant and was his driver.

Dad remained active in the reserves until the early 60s, even commanding a rocket howitzer battalion at Fort Totten, in NY. Dad served as S-3 and Executive Officer of the 809th Field Artillery Battalion (part of the 414th FA Group) and subsequently as Battalion Commander of the 7th Rocket Howitzer Battalion, 4th Artillery, 77th Infantry Division , based in New York. (The latter battalion, as Dad phrased it, was "a new addition to the organic artillery of an infantry division" and he started it from scratch.)If you want the particulars of that, I can get you the unit. He retired as a lt. colonel.

One of his dreams was to return to Europe and follow the trail that the 45th had blazed through Italy, Southern France and Germany, but he died before he could make that a reality. My goal is to do that now. We went to Anzio last summer, where there is a wonderful museum set up by some local folks. They were wonderful to us - treated us royally when we told them that Dad had served there. They are looking for photos of members of the 45th that were taken in the area - to be put on display.

As aging veterans gather this weekend to commemorate the National World War II Memorial, celebrate their victory and remember friends who fell, I wish my father could be there. Though he died in 1981, I know he will be in spirit. And on his face there will be a smile, just like the one I see every day.

Linda Kleindienst has worked for the South Florida Sun-Sentinel since 1971 and has been Tallahassee Bureau Chief since 1985. A baby boomer, she was born in 1948, the only child of Harold and Frida Kleindienst. She got her first mess kit before she was in kindergarten.

If you know anything about her father, she can be reached at [email protected] or 850-224-6214.

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